Presumptive Causes of Multiple Sclerosis

There are many debates over the specific causes of multiple sclerosis. However, in the absence of conclusive evidence, medical scientists can only speculate upon the causes and risk factors behind multiple sclerosis and other similar autoimmune diseases. Although certain theories regarding a series of multiple sclerosis specific triggers have been partially confirmed by recent medical studies, doctors need additional data in order to identify the exact set of multiple sclerosis causes.

At present, medical scientists believe that genetic factors play a major role in the occurrence and development of multiple sclerosis. However, the specific genes involved in triggering the disease haven’t yet been identified. It is suspected that multiple sclerosis occurs due to a combination of genetic factors corroborated with a series of environmental factors. The autoimmune response characteristic to multiple sclerosis is also believed to be triggered by prolonged exposure to chemicals (long-term treatments with chemotherapeutic drugs are suspected to facilitate the development of multiple sclerosis) or by past infections.

The genetic theories regarding the occurrence of multiple sclerosis have been recently confirmed by medical investigations. The implication of genetic factors is primarily suggested by the pronounced hereditary character of the disease. Similar to other types of autoimmune diseases, multiple sclerosis can be easily transmitted from one generation to another. Recent studies in the field have identified the fact that blood relatives of patients with multiple sclerosis have 5 to 30 percent chances of developing the disease as well. While identical twins (sharing many genetic features) of patients with multiple sclerosis present the highest risk of developing the disease over time, the risks of inheriting multiple sclerosis are slightly lower for second and third degree relatives.

Another plausible theory incriminates infectious agents as the main triggers for multiple sclerosis. The implication of certain infectious agents in causing and sustaining the progression of multiple sclerosis may explain why this form of autoimmune disease tends to affect people of all ages and regardless of gender and ethnical provenience. Another reason why infectious agents are considered to have a major implication in multiple sclerosis consists in the similarities between the morphology of myelin and certain groups of infectious viral agents.

Some viral agents are very similar to myelin, the protein that is primarily destroyed in multiple sclerosis. These similarities may be the main reason why the immune system becomes confused and fights against healthy nerve cells covered in myelin. The categories of infectious agents believed to have a role in the development of multiple sclerosis are herpes viruses (HHV-6 – the cause of childhood roseola), Chlamydia Pneumoniae (atypical group of bacteria associated with inflammation of the circulatory system), the Epstein-Barr virus (responsible for causing mononucleosis), measles virus, retroviruses (HIV, HTLV-I, HTLV-II) and polyomavirus.

Other potential causes of multiple sclerosis are physical traumas (injuries at the level of the spinal cord), as well as emotional stress (recent studies have revealed that the symptoms of multiple sclerosis are amplified on the premises of emotional stress).

General Information on Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis information – Multiple sclerosis is a neurological disease that involves an inflammatory process at the level of the central nervous system. The disease causes dysfunctions of the body’s nervous cells (neurons), due to destruction of myelin, a substance that surrounds the neurons. Myelin is vital for the proper activity of the nervous system, as it facilitates the transmission of information between neurons. When the nervous cells’ myelin-containing membrane is damaged, the innervated tissues of the entire body can be seriously affected. Due to destruction of myelin, multiple sclerosis can cause dysfunctions of the musculoskeletal, sensorial and cognitive systems. Sometimes, the disease can also affect the activity of the internal organs (kidneys, gastrointestinal tract). People who suffer from multiple sclerosis can in time develop neuropsychological conditions, such as depression, mania or dementia.

Information on multiple sclerosis incidence – Research results reveal that multiple sclerosis affects around 2 million people worldwide. Statistics also indicate that there are more than 350.000 cases of multiple sclerosis in the United States. An interesting aspect of the disease is that it tends to affect young people. Although multiple sclerosis can also be developed by the elderly, the disease has the highest incidence in people with ages between 20 and 40. Another interesting feature of multiple sclerosis is that it predominantly affects women, rarely occurring in the opposite sex.

Information on multiple sclerosis causes and factors of risk – The actual causes of multiple sclerosis aren’t clear. Medical scientists believe that both genetic and environmental factors contribute to the development of multiple sclerosis. It is believed that multiple sclerosis occurs on the background of genetic predispositions, triggered by environmental factors. Although this fact hasn’t been confirmed, viral infections are also considered to facilitate the development of this type of neurological disease. Multiple sclerosis has a hereditary character and the genetic predispositions to this type of disease can be transmitted from one generation to another. Certain environmental factors, such as stress, lack of sleep, warm climate, are also considered to increase the risks of developing multiple sclerosis.

Information on multiple sclerosis symptomatic spectrum – Multiple sclerosis can affect virtually any level of the body, generating a wide range of symptoms. The most common physical signs of multiple sclerosis are: muscle pain, inflammation, numbness, weakness; poor body mobility; pronounced fatigue; loss of dexterity; poor balance; poorly coordinated moves; decreased vision. Common neuropsychological signs of multiple sclerosis are: lack of concentration; poor mental performance; short-term memory loss; compromised judgment. In extreme cases, multiple sclerosis can even lead to depression, mania and dementia.

Information on multiple sclerosis diagnosis – Multiple sclerosis is diagnosed upon elaborate physical and neuropsychological examinations, as well as specific medical procedures and laboratory tests. Common means of diagnosing multiple sclerosis are MRI scans and lumbar puncture, procedures which can reveal possible damage of myelin.

Information on multiple sclerosis treatment options – Multiple sclerosis medical treatments are usually individualized according to the patients’ experienced symptoms. Multiple sclerosis treatments commonly involve the use of beta interferon, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and corticosteroids. These medications can alleviate most physical symptoms generated by multiple sclerosis, also preventing their recurrence. When the disease affects the cognitive functions of the body, commonly prescribed medications are Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors and Central Nervous System Stimulants.

Information on multiple sclerosis therapy – Medication-free therapy for multiple sclerosis involves the physical recuperation of patients. As most symptoms of multiple sclerosis are perceived at the level of the musculoskeletal system, therapy through exercise is very effective in alleviating muscle pain, weakness and numbness.

Dealing With Disease – Multiple Sclerosis Health Tips

When the term Multiple Sclerosis is said we often as quick to think about a slow as debilitating degradation of a person into a state that they are not able to live on their own. The truth is that this does not always have to be the case. There are things that a person can do to make their existence better and slow the rate of bodily control loss that they experience. With these tips you can easily extend the time that you can enjoy a high quality of living, even with MS.

You Can Live a Quality Life even with Multiple Sclerosis
One of the first things that you need to do is to assess your lifestyle and see what is not working for the improvement your overall level of health. Once you have this information you need to take action steps to change these things and get yourself to a fitness level that will help you to fight off the ravishing effects of MS. Some of those factors are, eating healthier, lowering stress levels and increasing mental health. IF you are a smoker stop and if have high blood pressure or diabetes get those condition sunder control. The healthier your body is the better equipped you are to fight this disease.

Include Natural Herbs in Your Diet
One thing that has been shown to help with controlling the effects of multiple sclerosis is natural herbs. Herbs that are beneficial to the support of the brain and the central nervous system have been shown to reduce the severity of MS symptoms and to slow the onslaught of the disease. Three of the most popular rare yerba mate, valerian root, and gotu kola.

Take Control of Your Diet
One of the best ways to help improve your overall health and slow the progress of MS is to get your diet under control. This is not to say that the occasional cheeseburger is going to hurt you, infect there is something to be said for the benefits of pleasurable indulgences such as this, but you need to get in the right frame of healthy eating habits and stay there as much as possible. A healthy body begins with a healthy diet and a healthy body is what you need to fight this disease.

Soak Up the Sun
The light of the sun is one of the best sources that our bodies have for vitamin D. D is one of the most important vitamins for a healthy overall body. The good news is that Vitamin D is also known to have a very positive effect on your battle with MS. Be careful not to get a burn but make sure that every single day you are able to get out unclothed and without sunscreen for about 20 minutes in bright sunlight. This will not only have a positive effect on your body but also the cool breeze and warm sunshine on bare skin will have a very beneficial effect on the mind.

Keep Yourself Active
This is vital; MS ravishes your Muscular and nervous systems. You can fight it by keep them as strong as possible. This means that you will want to stay active and vibrant as much as you can. Do not help the disease along, make it as difficult as you can for it to do is damage.

Reduce your Consumption and Interaction with Heavy Metals
Although we do not fully understand why, there is a definite correlation between contact and consumption of heavy metals with the development of MS. These heavy metals can be found in your water, beauty products medicines and food. Make it a point to begin paying attention to what you are consuming to reduce the impact of heavy metals in your life.

Keep yourself Positive
This is a key step. The body is very much in tune with the mind. If you have a positive mental outlook on your life then you will see that your health is better because of it. Make it a point to keep yourself in a good state of mind and it will make dealing with your condition easier in the long run.
So as you can see you do not have to consider MS to be a death sentence that will leave you without the ability to live a productive and meaningful life on your own. You can overcome the challenges and difficulties that are associated to MS and continue to live a comfortable existence with the condition.